|Description:||Koi are ornamental varieties of the common carp developed in Japan during the 19th century. There are many variations of koi, distinguished by colours, patterns and scalation. Adults can grow up to 43 inches long!||Habitat & Distribution:||Like all other varieties of carp, koi like freshwater environments. As a product of artificial selection, koi do not occur naturally in the wild. Therefore, the man-made koi pond has become their "natural" habitat. If koi “escape” into the wild, they are likely to crossbreed with carps. In this case, their colourful features are not fully transmitted to the next generation. In this case, its colourful features are not fully transmitted to the next generation.|
|Diet:||Aquatic insects, crustaceans, plant matter and Koi pellets.|
|Did you know?||
The main difference between koi and goldfish is that koi grow much bigger and they have barbells (like whiskers), whereas goldfish do not.
The word ‘koi’ comes from the Japanese word ‘nishikigoi’ (pronounced nee-shee-kee-goy). It is a two part word with ‘nishiki’ meaning ‘brocaded’ and ‘koi’ meaning ‘carp’. As a combined word, the letter ‘k’ changes to the letter ‘g’.
Koi are symbols of love and friendship in Japan.